Nature of God


Jesus is not the archangel Michael

by Bill Wong




Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus is a created being, the archangel Michael, and in heaven He is referred to as Michael. But is this really so?


The archangel Michael is only mentioned a handful of times in the Bible: 3 times in Daniel, 1 time in Jude and 1 time in Revelation. When we look in the Bible, we will find that the Bible declares Jesus is not Michael. Let us review each passage.




Daniel 10:13, 21


Daniel 10:

13  But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty-one days; and behold, Michael, one of the chief princes,

        came to help me, for I had been left alone there with the kings of Persia.   (NKJV)


21  But I will tell you what is noted in the Scripture of Truth. (No one upholds me against these, except Michael your prince. (NKJV)



There are two things we should immediately notice when we read what is happening in Daniel 10.


The first thing is that the Bible tells us angels or “princes” (rulers) are assigned regions or kingdoms/peoples which they represent and oversee.  They are given jurisdiction over a region and similar to the military, the chief princes have authority over an army of angels.  Context shows that these “princes” are indeed at war and the angel speaking to Daniel said he needed help (reinforcements) against the (evil) prince of Persia.  Michael is the angel over Israel (guardian angel that protects and fights for Israel) as the angel speaking to Daniel states (“Michael your prince”; that is, the angel over Daniel’s people which is Israel).


The second thing is that the Bible tells us Michael is only one of the chief princes which means there are many chief princes.  So if Michael is called an archangel, but yet we are told he is only one of the chief princes, then logic dictates there are many archangels. He is not the archangel as Jehovah’s Witnesses believe. 


1 Thessalonians 4 reflects this as it mentions Jesus returning with the voice of an archangel – just the voice of one of many archangels:


1 Thessalonians 4:

16   For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God.

        And the dead in Christ will rise first.   (NKJV)



The voice of an archangel accompanies Jesus upon His descent, but He is not an archangel. Please also see article: What 1 Thessalonians 4 really says – Jesus is not the archangel Michael’.


The apostle Paul also states that there are many elect angels, which validates Daniel’s statement and again indicates that Michael is just one of the chief princes or elect angels/archangels: 


1 Timothy 5:

21   I charge you before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that you observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.   (AKJV)



The Book of Revelation supports both Daniel’s statement that Michael is only one of the chief princes and Paul’s statement that there are elect angels, because the Book of Revelation speaks of many powerful angels.


A couple of examples:


Revelation 18:

1    After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated with his glory.   (NKJV)


Revelation 20:

1    Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.

2    He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;

3    and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.   (NKJV)



It should also be noted that if Jesus is Michael the archangel who created all “other” things, then he would be the greatest angel – the “Creator” angel. If this is so, then why is Michael only being mentioned as just one of the chief princes and not the greatest prince? Why is Michael mentioned as one among equals? Remember, Jesus is called King of Kings and Lord of Lords. He is not referred to as one of the chief rulers among a group of

rulers/princes, but He is called the ruler of them all.


And to this effect, why is Michael considered just another angel over a people, who helps other angels? He is spoken of as just one of a group of chief princes with no differing qualities. If Michael is the archangel who created all “other” things, as the Creator angel he can just wink and all opposing princes (fallen angels – demons) would be snuffed out like candles in a hurricane.


The evidence points to the fact that Michael is just one of many chief angels and he is not Jesus, the supposed “Creator” angel who is himself created.




Daniel 12:1


Daniel 12:

1 "At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; 

    And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. 

    And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.   (NKJV)



As the angel who watches over Israel, it is understandable that Michael will eventually fight for Israel since he also helps other angels with their battles as Daniel 10 tells us. However, does this make Jesus the archangel Michael? Let us go back two verses to the last two verses of Daniel 11 and go ahead one verse to Daniel 12:2 to get context:


Daniel 11:

44   But news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many.

45   And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end,

     and no one will help him.


Daniel 12

1 "At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people;

   And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time.

   And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.   (NKJV)

2   And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life,

    Some to shame and everlasting contempt.



At first glance, some may think that what happens in Daniel 12:2 is due to Michael raising the dead. It looks like as soon as Michael appears, the dead is raised. This is something that Jesus said He would do in John 5:28-29.


However, this is not the case. We must realize that there is a considerable amount of time between the sequence of events from Michael standing up and the raising of the dead (as hinted at in Daniel 12:1 when it says after Michael stands up, there shall be a time of trouble never before seen).


The first thing we must know to understand this is we need to know what specific event makes Michael stand up? When does Michael stand up?


The events that happen in Daniel 11:44-45 explains this. The antichrist or the Beast power plants his palace in the Holy Land. Immediately following this statement, we are told in Daniel 12:1 that Michael stands up. What could the antichrist do that would force Michael to act? The Bible tells us it is when the antichrist is in the Holy Land, but what does he do there? It is because the antichrist sets up the abomination of desolation that makes Michael stand up. Later in Daniel 12 we are told this:


Daniel 12:

11   "And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.

12   Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.



This is also referred to in Matthew 24 and we are given some more detail:


Matthew 24:

15   "Therefore when you see the 'abomination of desolation,' spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place" (whoever reads, let him understand),

16   "then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.

17   Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house.

18   And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes.

19   But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days!

20   And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.

21   For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, 

        no, nor ever shall be.

22   And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect's sake those days will be shortened.   (NKJV)



But notice what we also see in Daniel 12:11-12. The Bible tells us that from the abomination of desolation being set up there is a time of about 3.5 years of the greatest tribulation the world has ever known when the people of God will be persecuted greatly. Michael stands up when this abomination of desolation is set up. He stands up to guide and protect Israel during these 3.5 years and all 7 years of tribulation.


The archangel Michael is not Jesus, because the Lord Jesus only comes as the groom to take His bride and then later put an end to everything as we see in Revelation 19:11-21, which is 3.5 years from the abomination of desolation standing where it should not (also see item #2 in section Revelation 12 below).




Jude 1:9


Jude 1:

9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses,

         dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"   (NKJV)



The archangel Michael can arguably be said to be one of the most powerful angels. Yet, we can clearly see that the archangel Michael did not dare to rebuke Satan himself, but instead defers to the name of the LORD (Yahweh/Jehovah) to rebuke him.


Zechariah 3 has a similar situation where the Angel of the LORD also does not rebuke Satan in his own name, but uses the name of God and says, “The LORD rebuke you!”


Zechariah 3:

1    Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD,

        and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him.

2    And the LORD said to Satan, "The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you!

        Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?"



So we see that even the most powerful angels can never say: “I rebuke you” – they must defer and say ‘Jehovah rebuke you’. No one but Jehovah Himself can rebuke using their own authority or name.



However, the Bible shows that the Lord Jesus rebukes Satan in His own name and He does not invoke the name of the LORD. Jesus commands Satan to leave and Satan has no choice, but to obey:


Matthew 4:

8    Again, the devil took Him up on an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.

9    And he said to Him, "All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me."

10   Then Jesus said to him, "Away with you, Satan! For it is written,

       'You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.'"

11   Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him.   (NKJV)


Luke 4:

    8   And Jesus answered and said to him, "Get behind Me, Satan! For it is written,

      'You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.' "   (NKJV)



Jesus rebukes and has harsh words for Satan other times as well:


Matthew 16:

23   But He turned and said to Peter, "Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me,

     for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men."   (NKJV)



And again, the Lord Jesus calls the enemy a liar and a murderer:


John 8:

44    You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning,
       and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources,

       for he is a liar and the father of it.   (NKJV)



We see that the Lord Jesus does not defer to anyone, but speaks for Himself when He rebukes Satan.


The only conclusions we can reach are:


1) Jesus is not an angel or the archangel Michael.


2) Jesus is deity and His authority is on the same level as Jehovah.



Item #2 either means Jesus is Jehovah or He has the same authority as His father Jehovah by some other reason. The evidence in the Bible shows Jesus is deity and tells us up front why only Jesus can speak this way:

Jesus is the Word of God, His only-begotten son and the Creator. All of this is in the first chapter of the Gospel of John which is the same chapter where Jehovah’s Witnesses vehemently deny the deity of Christ by saying “the Word was a god” and not the “Word was God”.


However, Jehovah’s Witnesses cannot keep ignoring the Biblical evidence that says Jesus is deity. And here, we undeniably see that the Lord Jesus speaks as Jehovah Himself and not any angel, Michael or otherwise.


The Bible has more to say on this matter to declare that Jesus is not the archangel Michael.



Let us be reminded that Michael is an archangel, an angel with a higher position and might than regular angels and is in heaven, and yet he could not rebuke Satan and instead appeals to Jehovah. However, the Lord Jesus – as a fleshly man, does not appeal to Jehovah at all, but rebukes Satan Himself and the enemy has no choice but to obey.


The Bible always says that what is heavenly is greater than what is earthy. For example:


John 3:

31   He who comes from above is above all; he who is of the earth is earthy and speaks of the earth.

     He who comes from heaven is above all.  (NKJV)


John 8:

23      And He said to them, "You are from beneath; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world.




We know that Jesus existed before He came to earth in the flesh. So when He was in heaven, He should be more powerful than when He was a man. Believers in Christ know this to be true; was He not the Word that created all things?


Yet, according to this belief that Jesus is an angel – a god, but not deity, the archangel Michael is unable to rebuke Satan in heaven – whom he supposedly created as clay by his own hand?


It cannot be more evident that the archangel Michael is not deity because he has to defer to God, but the Lord Jesus is deity, because His authority lies within Himself - even in the form of a man, with no need to call upon the name of God as Michael has to. Therefore the Lord Jesus was never once or even now an angel, but far greater as Hebrews 1 attests to.


Therefore, again, the only conclusion we can arrive at is that the Lord Jesus is not or never was the archangel Michael, because if the Lord Jesus could rebuke Satan on earth as a man, he would be greater in heaven as the creator before becoming a man, and therefore should have been able to rebuke Satan in heaven (if He was really the archangel Michael). However, we see the Lord Jesus is able to do on earth what the archangel Michael cannot do at all. Jesus is greater than and not the archangel Michael.


As confirmation of this, the Bible tells us that the Lord Jesus was made lower than the angels as we read in Hebrews 2:


Hebrews 2:

6        But one testified in a certain place, saying: " What is man that You are mindful of him,

       Or the son of man that You take care of him?

7        You have made him a little lower than the angels; You have crowned him with glory and honor,

        And set him over the works of Your hands.         (from Psalm 8:5-6)

8        You have put all things in subjection under his feet." For in that He put all in subjection under him,

        He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we do not yet see all things put under him.

9        But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor,

        that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone.




If the Lord Jesus was a created angel or a god, that means He became less than that when He walked the earth. As less than an angel or a god – as a man, He was able to rebuke Satan, but the archangel Michael, the supposed creator angel/god, who is greater than a “normal” angel (archangel would mean a “super” angel), and in heaven, could not.


Remember, all this happened before all power and authority was given to Jesus since He had to conquer death also (Matthew 28:18), so it cannot be interpreted in any other way. The Bible truth is that the man Jesus on earth held more authority than the archangel Michael in heaven.


Hebrews 2 tells us Jesus was made lower than the angels, so we clearly see the contradiction:


Since Jesus was made lower than an angel, how is He able to rebuke Satan on earth, but cannot rebuke Satan in heaven when He was mightier and in the form of the archangel Michael?



This just means that the Lord Jesus is not ‘a god’ or a created being; He is not the archangel Michael. He possesses more power than the archangel Michael both in heaven and earth. He is greater than just being ‘a god’; He is God (deity).


His very authority tells us as much. Jesus is the creator and deity, and could therefore rebuke His creation who must obey. The archangel Michael is not the creator, but is a created being himself, and therefore could not rebuke Satan.


The Bible indicates the specific person who can rebuke Satan is Jehovah, but yet we clearly see Jesus was able to do the same.   Does this mean that the Lord Jesus is Jehovah in some Trinitarian or other formula as being two Gods or two of three persons yet one God? No, as mentioned earlier, the Bible tells us why He has the same authority as Jehovah.


As the only-begotten son of God who created all things and is creator, He has prerogatives that can only belong to the only true son of Jehovah, who is deity Himself and not created. And even more importantly, as the Word of God – the Word of Jehovah, the Lord Jesus is the very expression and image of God. As such, He is the living word and the very embodiment of God and is therefore synonymous with the very being of Jehovah.


Simply put, as Jesus’ father is deity, so the son is also deity by being His only-begotten son and His very Word. The Bible truth tells us that since Jehovah is deity, then the Word of Jehovah and His exact image is also deity. Jesus’ authority to rebuke Satan where the archangel Michael cannot proves this.




Revelation 12


Revelation 12:

1    Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet,

        and on her head a garland of twelve stars.

2    Then being with child, she cried out in labor and in pain to give birth.

3    And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great, fiery red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, 

        and seven diadems on his heads.

4    His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. 

        And the dragon stood before the woman who was ready to give birth, to devour her Child as soon as it was born.

5    She bore a male Child who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron. And her Child was caught up to God and His throne.

6    Then the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there one thousand two hundred and sixty days.

7    And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought,

8    but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer.

9    So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; 

        he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

10   Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, "Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His

Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down.

11   And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, 

        and they did not love their lives to the death.

12   Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea!

        For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time."

13   Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child.

14   But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished

for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent.

15   So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, 

        that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood.

16   But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of

his mouth.

17   And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the

commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.



Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus is the archangel Michael and existed as such before His coming in the flesh and returned to being Michael again after His resurrection and ascending back to heaven. So the appearance of Michael leading the angels in battle against Satan in Revelation 12 is really the Lord Jesus. However, there are problems with this belief.





The first thing we must state is that the child caught up to heaven is a dual prophecy.  It signified the birth of Christ 2,000 years ago, but also has a future fulfillment.  In the fulfillment that is still yet to come, the child caught up to heaven does not represent Jesus.  .  Earlier in Revelation the believer who overcomes is described as one who will rule the nations with a rod of iron:


Revelation 2:

25   But hold fast what you have till I come.

26   And he who overcomes, and keeps My works until the end, to him I will give power over the nations ---

27   ' He shall rule them with a rod of iron; They shall be dashed to pieces like the potter's vessels' ---

         as I also have received from My Father;

28   and I will give him the morning star.

29   "He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches." '     (NKJV)



Also, Messiah as the firstborn of Israel is described as being born without birth pains and coming before her going into labor, but her other children – Messiah’s brethren, are described as coming forth from birth pains and labor (a symbol of tribulation and suffering):


Isaiah 66:

7     " Before she was in labor, she gave birth; Before her pain came, She delivered a male child.

8     Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Shall the earth be made to give birth in one day? Or shall a nation be born at once? For as soon as Zion was in labor, She gave birth to her children.

9     Shall I bring to the time of birth, and not cause delivery?" says the LORD. " Shall I who cause delivery shut up the womb?" says your God.    (NKJV)


Micah 5:

2     " But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting."

3     Therefore He shall give them up, Until the time that she who is in labor has given birth; Then the remnant of His brethren Shall return to the children of Israel.    (NKJV)



The child who Israel gives birth to and is caught up into heaven are the 144,000 firstfruits in Revelation 14 who stand with the Lamb of God on Mount Zion (metaphor for heaven) and sing a new song that only they know; they are the Lord Jesus’ bride (for more information, see the articles: ‘The Salvation Plan of God in the Biblical Feast Days’ and the ‘The Bride of Christ’):


Revelation 14:

  Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.

2    And I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunder, and the voice which I heard was like the sound of harpists playing on their harps.

3    And they *sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth.

4    These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb.

5    And no lie was found in their mouth; they are blameless.    (NASB)



The premise of the Jehovah’s Witnesses are already not correct, because the child in these end time events is not Jesus.


After being cast down to earth, Satan makes war with the saints “who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus Christ” in Revelation 12:17. This again shows contextually that Michael and Jesus are not the same person, because they are mentioned as two completely different people in the very same chapter; this is because they are two different persons.


The apostle John wrote Revelation – the book of revealing end things. It is very strange for John to not stop and tell us that the Lord Jesus is really the archangel Michael and has resumed being Michael since His ascension to heaven. We must recall that in the New Testament, it is the apostle John who first tells us Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world and he does it in the very first chapter of the Gospel of John (John 1:29). John does not hold back telling us just who Jesus is. He does not tell us Jesus is Michael ever, but in the Book of Revelation, John continues to tell us that Jesus is the Lamb of God, not Michael.  In addition to referring to Jesus as the Lamb in Revelation 12 & 14, the apostle John refers to Him as the Lamb all throughout Revelation, up to Jesus’ arrival in Revelation 19 and beyond to the end of the book:


Revelation 5:

3    And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll, or to look at it.

4    So I wept much, because no one was found worthy to open and read the scroll, or to look at it.

5    But one of the elders said to me, "Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose its seven seals."

6    And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth.

7    Then He came and took the scroll out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne.

8    Now when He had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.

9    And they sang a new song, saying: " You are worthy to take the scroll, And to open its seals; For You were slain, And have redeemed us to God by Your blood Out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation,

10  And have made us kings and priests to our God; And we shall reign on the earth."

11  Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands,

12  saying with a loud voice: " Worthy is the Lamb who was slain To receive power and riches and wisdom, And strength and honor and glory and blessing!"

13  And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: " Blessing and honor and glory and power Be to Him who sits on the throne, And to the Lamb, forever and ever!"

14  Then the four living creatures said, "Amen!" And the twenty-four elders fell down and worshiped Him who lives forever and ever.    (NKJV)


Revelation 7:

9    After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands,

10  and crying out with a loud voice, saying, "Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!"

11  All the angels stood around the throne and the elders and the four living creatures, and fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God,

12  saying: " Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom, Thanksgiving and honor and power and might, Be to our God forever and ever. Amen."

13  Then one of the elders answered, saying to me, "Who are these arrayed in white robes, and where did they come from?"

14  And I said to him, "Sir, you know." So he said to me, "These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

15  Therefore they are before the throne of God, and serve Him day and night in His temple. And He who sits on the throne will dwell among them.

16  They shall neither hunger anymore nor thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any heat;

17  for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."    (NKJV)


Revelation 13:

6    Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven.

7    It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation.

8    All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.   (NKJV)


Revelation 15:

1    Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.

2    And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God.

3    They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: " Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints!    (NKJV)


Revelation 17:

10   There are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must continue a short time.

11   The beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to perdition.

12   "The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast.

13   These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast.

14   These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful."    (NKJV)


Revelation 19:

7    Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready."

8    And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

9    Then he said to me, "Write: 'Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!' " And he said to me, "These are the true sayings of God."    (NKJV)


Revelation 21:

22    But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.

23    The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light.    (NKJV)


Revelation 22:

1    And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal,

          proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb.

2    In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits,

          each tree yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

3    And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it,

          and His servants shall serve Him.    (NKJV)



Therefore, as the inspired author chosen to write Revelation, we must really question why God did not inspire him to tell us Jesus is the archangel Michael. The reason he does not state it is because Jesus is not Michael.






The mention of Michael and his angels battling Satan and his angels does not make him Jesus. Remember what Daniel 10 tells us. The angels are delegated jurisdictions and operate like a military. Michael is one of the chief princes and so he is the leader of certain angels. If Michael is a lieutenant, than Jesus is the leader of the leader of the entire army or the nation, which includes being head of the military (for example, the President of the United States of America is called “the Commander-in-Chief”). As the angel guarding Israel, it makes sense for Michael and his angels to fight Satan.


The fact that Michael is not the Lord Jesus in Revelation 12 comes up again, because after the war in heaven, we know the Lord Jesus will return to put an end to tribulation and establish the Kingdom of God. But Jesus is mentioned as if His return in Revelation 19 is the very first time we see Him ready for battle:


Revelation 19:

11   Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True,

     and in righteousness He judges and makes war.

12   His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself.

13   He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.

14   And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses.

15   Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations.

      And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

16   And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.   (NKJV)



Why would Revelation 19 refer to Jesus as His first appearance in battle if He was already at war as Michael earlier? The Bible is filled with many references to the majesty of God in battle, but there is only a casual reference to Michael being at war? And this casual reference is put in a place that describes the woman and child with no indication that Michael was ever this child at one time in this dual prophecy of the child being taken up to heaven?


The Bible truth is that it is only in Revelation 19 where we see the very first description of the Lord Jesus – the Lamb of God, in battle mode. It is fittingly at the end of the Book of Revelation, because Jesus, the Lamb of God is coming for His bride and preparing to put down all rule of man and Satan on the path to restore/recreate all of creation (as we see in Revelation 19 to the end, chapter 22).


And to emphasize this truth that Jesus is only called the Lamb in both heaven and earth all throughout Revelation, notice what we just read in Revelation 17 and 19; the antichrist will war with the Lamb on earth and the Lamb will take His bride on earth.  Jesus is the Lamb only, both on heaven and earth, and is called nothing else:


Revelation 17:

14   These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful."    (NKJV)


Revelation 19:

7    Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready."

8    And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

9    Then he said to me, "Write: 'Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!' " And he said to me, "These are the true sayings of God."    (NKJV)



It must be noted also that in Revelation 19 verse 13, in addition to being called the Lamb of God, Jesus is also called the Word of God.  The apostle John is being completely consistent in his writings in both the Gospel and Revelation.  John, through the inspiration of God, calls Jesus Christ the Word and Lamb only – John calls Jesus the Word and Lamb in the Gospel of John and also in the Book of Revelation.  The Holy Scripture is consistent and true:  Jesus is not called Michael ever, because He is not Michael who is a separate person and only an angel.






In Philippians 2:9-11, the Bible says that the Lord Jesus received the name above every name:


Philippians 2:

9    Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name,

10   that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth,

11   and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  (NKJV)



If the Lord Jesus has this greatest of all names, why would He return to heaven as Michael again? We have already seen that the name of Michael is not greater and cannot rebuke Satan. The Bible says the name of Jesus is the greatest of names in all existence – this includes heaven. The Bible does not say He has a separate and different name when He returns to heaven, but the Bible only says that the name Jesus is greatest of all things in heaven and earth – everywhere.


He will keep this name until it is actually changed. In Revelation 19, the returning Lord has a new name that no one knows. Especially when we combine this with the fact that Michael’s name is not greater than Jesus’ name, how could we say He is in heaven now as Michael?


Revelation 19:

11   Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True,

     and in righteousness He judges and makes war.

12   His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself.

13   He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.   (NKJV)




The Bible tells us Jesus is not the archangel Michael. He never was. It tells us Jesus is not a created being. The Bible is the Word of God and is of divine origin. So is the Lord Jesus. He is the living, breathing Word of God and of divine origin. The Word of God is deity.




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