Gospel of God




God's Salvation Plan in the Biblical Feast Days

 - Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
by Bill Wong



5.  Day of Atonement  (Yom Kippur)


The 10th day of the seventh month:


Leviticus 23:26-32

Leviticus 16

Acts 27:9



Tanakh ("Old Testament") - 


The high priest can only come behind the veil to the Holy of Holies/Most Holy Place inside the Tabernacle/Temple once a year on this day to atone for his sins and the sins of Israel.  In Leviticus 16, we are told that the high priest casts lots for two goats to see which is for God and which is the scapegoat.  The one chosen for God is sacrificed for the sins of the people.  For the scapegoat, he will lay his hands on the head of the goat and confess all the sins of the people on it and have someone lead it into the wilderness.  We fast this day to put away the needs of the flesh and be reminded of our dependency on God (our sustenance comes from God) and we put all our focus on God and being one with Him (Deuteronomy 8:3 as quoted by Messiah Yahusha (Yahushua or Yeshua/Jesus) in Matthew 4:4/Luke 4:4).  This is the fast that pleases God (Isaiah 58:1-12). It is a day of intensive reflection, repentance and prayer as we humble ourselves before Him.  God is merciful and forgives our sins (Psalm 103:11-12).  This is considered by the Jews today to be the holiest and most solemn of days as the books of judgment are opened and ends the "Days of Awe".   With the theme of judgment, reconciliation and trying to improve/do better, this day is taken very seriously and prepared with an urgency no other holy day has.



B'rit Hadashah ("New Testament") - 


Our Lord Jesus bore our sins and is the atonement to cleanse us from sin:


Romans 5:6-10

2 Corinthians 5:21

1 Peter 1:13-25; 2:21-25; 3:18

Galatians 3:13

Matthew 27:46 (Psalm 22:1)

Hebrews 9:28



Our Lord Jesus is not only the perfectly pure sacrifice who has atoned for our sins, but He is also our perfect high priest who mediates between God and us.  Only the High Priest can go past the veil and come before the presence of God (the Most Holy Place) to make atonement


1 Timothy 2:3-6

Hebrews 2:17-18; 3:1; 4:14-16; 5:1-10; 7:24-27; 8:1-6; 9:6-28; 10:10-14

1 John 2:1



Now the veil that separates us is no more:


Leviticus 16:2, 34 vs. Matthew 27:50-51; Mark 15:38; Luke 23:45

Hebrews 6:19-20; 10:19-22



We remember all that has been done by God and His son so that our sins may be atoned for and forgiven.  He has provided the sacrifice in the Lord Jesus (Genesis 22:12-14; Isaiah 53:4-7). We remember the Lord Jesus' sacrifice and what He continues to do for us so we may be right with God (Jesus is our high priest in heaven that mediates between our Father and man).  We fast for these reasons: we humble ourselves before God, we put everything else aside and be at one with God, acknowledging He is our life - our all, and has done everything for our atonement/salvation through His son Jesus - who is both sacrifice and high priest. 


It is because of the Lord Jesus' atoning death outside the city gates and His high priesthood that we are cleansed of our sins with His blood, and will one day be together with God and Christ forever - praise God (Hebrews 13:10-15; Leviticus 16:27; John 19:17-20). 

There are differing opinions on the meaning of the scapegoat in light of Christ.  Some believe the scapegoat is fulfilled by Satan as the father of sin when he is chained by a strong angel for 1000 years before his short-lived release and final destination in the lake of fire (Revelation 20:1-3).  This view states that the sins of man are placed on Satan, because he is to blame for bringing in sin to the world and therefore bears punishment to take it away.  However, this is not possible; besides the fact that Satan or anything evil and unholy would not appear in God's salvation plan and His feast days, the Bible never says that Satan or anyone can ever take upon themselves the account and burden of our sins, but only a perfect atoning sacrifice can do this who is Christ alone.   For example, we are told that the Son of God “was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin” (1John 3:5) and that He “was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8) – the perfect sinless Messiah comes to destroy the works of the enemy, but where does it ever say the enemy has a part in or is used to destroy his own works?  Only Messiah can do these things.

Leviticus 16:10 brings to light this truth that only Christ can be the atonement and contrasts with how it is impossible for Satan to represent the scapegoat, because how can we ever say that Satan is brought before the presence of the LORD for atonement to be made upon him 

Leviticus 16:

10   But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.    (NKJV)



No, the enemy Satan can never atone so he is not symbolized by the scapegoat in the Day of Atonement.  No one except Messiah can make atonement --- this goat can only be the perfect Son of God and Messiah who died and is therefore able to, and does, make atonement for us.  Anything that falls short of perfection cannot atone for anyone.   

The idea of a scapegoat carries the meaning of someone or something who undeservingly takes the blame for others, but of course Satan deserves it --- and the Bible always emphasizes how the Lord Jesus is completely blameless and without spot, the just suffering and dying for the unjust.

Another view has both goats representing Christ.  The goat that dies specifically highlights His death and atonement on our behalf.  The other goat that has the sins of the people placed on its head and taken away into the wilderness pictures vividly the Lord Jesus taking upon Himself our sins in fulfillment of the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 53 (“borne our griefs and carried our sorrows”; “chastisement for our peace was upon Him”; “laid on Him the iniquity of us all”; “bear their iniquities”; “He bore the sin of many”) and removing our sins as far as the east is from the west in Psalm 103 --- the one and the same person who atones for us does both by His sacrifice.  At the same time the live scapegoat represents removal of our sins it also symbolizes His resurrection to eternal life and His conquering of sin and death forever.  It is another fulfillment of the Suffering Servant.  We see this very clearly in Isaiah 53 which tells us that though the servant dies like a lamb led to slaughter, nevertheless He lives to see the fruit of His labor:   

Isaiah 53:

11  He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities.

12  Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.   (NKJV)

This is what the scapegoat represents.  Leviticus 16:5 supports this dual meaning of Christ's one atonement manifesting in both goats, because it indicates that though there are two goats, it is only one sin offering

Leviticus 16:

5   And he shall take from the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering.    (NKJV)

This duality shows us that on the Day of Atonement which is only done once a year for all Israel, the sacrifice this day did not just die as a sacrifice which can somehow be “forgotten” amidst other sacrifices, but there is something unique and special about this atoning sacrifice for all of God’s people.  It tells us that atonement is not just erasing the debt of sin from our account, but there is also an actual removal which means someone has to carry it and take it away, and that there will be continued life even with death to sin (the actions of both the goat that dies and the scapegoat).  The second goat vividly portrays the taking upon of the burden of sin and removing it as far as the east is from the west – and we must note that we are never told this scapegoat dies.  So the one sin offering of two goats shows duality in this offering: there is both a death and removal of sin, and yet there is also life at the same time.  Of course, we know that Messiah conquered sin and death at His crucifixion, but He is alive forevermore waiting for His return in complete victory over all the enemies of God.        

We see this dual nature of the goats in the Lord Jesus’ atoning death:  He paid the price for all creation to reconcile and make all things right, and did have the stain of sin put upon Him at His crucifixion that caused His father to turn away which prompted Messiah to cry out: "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"  But yet He is resurrected and conquers sin and death itself. It is one and the same atoner – the perfect Son of God, represented by the two goats. 

The Day of Atonement applies to all believers – Jew and Gentile, but especially national Israel.  We must always be reminded that Israel is the apple of God’s eye and is the focus of prophecy; everything in Scripture means nothing until all pertaining to Israel is fulfilled – that Israel herself finally knows her Messiah and repents, being completely reconciled to God.  Everything means nothing until Israel turns back from her wrong ways and finally cries out in true repentance to God and His Messiah to save her; only then can the redemption of the world and all creation take place.  Then all of God’s promises and blessings will be poured out as the long-yearned for Messiah sits upon the throne of David and God’s kingdom is established forever as the new heavens and new earth are created.


What does Israel have to repent for?  Falling in sin such as turning away from her God and going after other gods/idolatry/being like other nations, failing miserably in not being the holy nation and light to the nations as God commanded, and also rejecting her Messiah, etc.  The Lord Jesus' atoning work has always covered Israel, but the national atonement of Israel can only occur and take effect when she accepts her Messiah; only then He redeems her.


Israel will finally recognize, accept and repent/be reconciled to her Messiah - her King and High Priest (Psalm 110:1-7; Zechariah 6:12-13; 12:1-14) in the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 5:5-10).  In the days of old, the sins of the people are brought before the high priest to make atonement for them.  Since the Lord Jesus is the High Priest, Israel therefore must acknowledge her sins and bring them before Him to make atonement.  As mentioned before, this includes acknowledging the sin of rejecting her Messiah.  Israel must bring this and her other sins before Jesus and finally accept Him as the Son of God and the Messiah.  Israel will be in utterly sorrowful and bitter weeping.  This repentance of Israel is a key part of her atonement.


He will cleanse and redeem Israel (Jeremiah 33:7-16; Ezekiel 36:16-38; 37:21-23; Micah 7:18-20; Romans 11:25-27). 


God will establish a new covenant with Israel, pour forth His spirit and give them a new heart (Jeremiah 31:31-34; 50:4-5; Ezekiel 11:17-20; 36:26-27; 39:27-29; Joel 2:28-32). 


He also judges Israel's/God's enemies (Psalm 2; Isaiah 59:18-21; Joel 3:1; 11-21; Matthew 25:31-46; Jude 1:14-15). 


When Israel has been cleansed and the nations all know the one true God, Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth and the dwelling place of God and the fasts will become joyous celebrations (Zechariah 8). 



Since the Lord Jesus is both the King and High Priest of His people Israel, the Day of Atonement is the day we know for sure He must be here. It is because as both King and High Priest, Israel will repent and be redeemed this day to her Messiah when He returns and they realize He is the one they have rejected, and the Lord Jesus will make atonement for Israel.  Much of the Book of Hebrews (chapters 2-10) makes it undeniably clear that the High Priesthood of the Messiah and His administering to His people (of which the Day of Atonement is the holy fast day specifically for atonement) will be applied to Israel.

So we know as High Priest that Messiah will atone for the sins of His people Israel.  In days past the High Priest does this once a year on the Day of Atonement.  So how will King Messiah do this on the Day of Atonement shortly after His return?  For one, Scriptures indicate that there will be a temple again which the Antichrist will desecrate and stop the sacrifices (Daniel 9:27; Matthew 24:15; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12; Revelation 11:1-2) before the Messiah returns.  This means that a temple will exist for our Heavenly High Priest to use if He so chooses.  Some will say that He does not have to do it on an earthly temple, but only a heavenly temple.  Well, regardless of where or which temple this is, we know He will make atonement on the Day of Atonement. 

Why are we so sure?  It is because there is something else that is the most important thing to have for the High Priest to make atonement.  We must remember the High Priest makes atonement for God’s people Israel once a year in the Holy of Holies – where the Ark of the Covenant is.  If the Scriptures tell us the Ark of the Covenant still exists, than it is more than likely what the Heavenly High Priest will use on the Day of Atonement to make atonement for Israel who will finally know her Messiah.  And this is exactly the case. 

Holy Scripture shows us that the Ark of the Covenant appears during the end times – in the Book of Revelation there are two references to the Ark of the Covenant, in Revelation 11:15-19 and Revelation 15:1-8: 

Revelation 11:

15   Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!"

16   And the twenty-four elders who sat before God on their thrones fell on their faces and worshiped God,

17   saying: " We give You thanks, O Lord God Almighty, The One who is and who was and who is to come, Because You have taken Your great power and reigned.

18   The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, And the time of the dead, that they should be judged, And that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints, And those who fear Your name, small and great, And should destroy those who destroy the earth."

19   Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail.   (NKJV)

Revelation 15:

1   Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.

2   And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image and over his mark and over the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God.

3   They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: " Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints!

4   Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, For Your judgments have been manifested."

5   After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.

6   And out of the temple came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands.

7   Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God who lives forever and ever.

8    The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed.    (NKJV)

Its appearance here means it is very important for all people to realize that this can only mean the Ark of the Covenant will play a role in end time events.  We see this quite clearly because the appearance of the Ark in chapter 11 is right after the 7th trumpet sounds (the “Last Trumpet” which is the Feast of Trumpets/Yom Teruah (1st day of the 7th month)), and its appearance in chapter 15 is when the 7 bowl judgments are presented and poured out to complete God’s wrath, which all occur just before Messiah returns.  So the ark will be ready for use by the High Priest just 9 days later on the Day of Atonement (10th day of the 7th month).

The Ark’s appearance in these two places in Revelation right at the very end of God’s wrath before the Lord Jesus’ return is irrefutable evidence that not only is the Law of God not obsolete, but the Law will endure forever.

We see that the Ark of the Covenant will return, which is actually expected, because when the Babylonians took Jerusalem in the 6th century BCE and destroyed and looted the Temple in Jeremiah 52:12-23, the very detailed list of what was taken away from the Temple did not include the Ark of the Covenant.  The fact that it was not accounted for shows us that it still exists, which is proven in Revelation. 

Was the Ark of the Covenant taken up to heaven and will He return with it to Jerusalem?  Or was the Ark of the Covenant hidden from the Babylonians in Jerusalem by Jeremiah and it resurfaces just before His return?  If it is still on earth, will the Ark of the Covenant be in hostile territory (remember that Jerusalem will be taken; half exiled and half occupied by invaders, Zechariah 14:1-3) and have to be reclaimed by Messiah? 

Whichever way it happens, the Bible indicates the Ark of the Covenant still exists and will play a role in end time events near or at the return of Messiah.  The appearance of the Ark of the Covenant after the sounding of the 7th trumpet and during the pouring of the 7 bowls occurs right before the Second Coming of Messiah.  This tells us there must be a very important reason for its reappearance. Therefore, it is very likely that Messiah, as both High Priest and King of all of God’s people will use the Ark of the Covenant the same way as it was used in the past.  As High Priest, Messiah will atone for the sins of the nation Israel on the Day of Atonement with the Ark of the Covenant present.  As Conquering King, the presence of the Ark can be present during the battles/defense of Israel as it was in ancient times.  Because we are told the Ark of the Covenant still exists and will resurface, it will likely have a role in His ministry and reign over Israel and all nations during the millennial kingdom.

If we recall from the article on the Feast of Trumpets/Yom Teruah, the word ‘teruah’ means a loud sound created by the voice or blast of the trumpet/shofar.  We know that there will be ‘teruah’ of loud shouts from both the angels and people, as well as the sounding of the shofar upon the return of the Lord Jesus.  With the arrival of Messiah on the Feast of Trumpets/Yom Teruah shortly after the Ark of the Covenant appears again, will some of this ‘teruah’ of shouts and trumpet also be for the Ark of the Covenant as Messiah claims/brings it and puts it in its rightful place to be used in the affairs of Israel?  Remember that in 2 Samuel 6:15 we see that the ‘teruah’ of loud shouts and the blowing of the shofar accompanied the entrance of the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem for the first time, so it would not be surprising at all if the same thing happens when the Ark of the Covenant returns after over 2,500 years with Messiah being in control of it (note that Messiah and the Ark of the Covenant together is very strong proof of who He is, especially to Jews who have long denied Him):

2 Samuel 6:

15   So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet.    (NKJV)

At this time, we must all be reminded that Israel is the apple of God’s eye and is at the heart of God’s plan of salvation.  Jesus is Israel’s promised Messiah first and foremost – He came to save His people which is Israel (this is the very meaning of His name, Matthew 1:21) and also all mankind.  Israel and the Law of God were to be models for the entire world (Deuteronomy 4:5-8) and the Law will once again go forth from Jerusalem (Isaiah 2:2-4).  Where Israel failed as the model nation and teaching the Law to everyone (as all fallen man would), King Messiah cannot and will not fail. 

The Ark of the Covenant symbolizes the throne of God and its role in end times will prepare the way for Messiah to sit as King in Jerusalem, when Jerusalem shall be called the Throne of the LORD (Jeremiah 3:6-25).  The Ark and the Two Witnesses (and the sealed 144,000 in Revelation 7) will lead all peoples to repentance and bear powerful testimony of God's truth that all believers are to be a holy people --- the Messiah whose blood covers us and we are to imitate, and the Law, are for all peoples.  It is one Messiah and one Law for everyone; it is the gospel of God and the faith once for all delivered to the saints.

With this understanding that the nation of Israel is prominent as promised to the fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and the Ark of the Covenant still exists, then the ‘teruah’ of loud shouts of joy and the blowing of the shofar is expected at its return to Jerusalem.  Whether Jesus returns with it or takes it back from enemies, it will still only be done when He returns to set things right.

In short, the return of the Messiah will ultimately mean the return of the Ark of the Covenant to be used in the affairs of Israel and the world.

It will likely appear shortly before Messiah’s return, but definitely before the Day of Atonement, because it will be used by our High Priest on the Day of Atonement to atone for the sins of the nation Israel and bring swift judgment to the enemies of Israel.  We do not know for sure how things will unfold with the Ark of the Covenant, but we do know it still exists and will play a role at the end of prophecy, because of its appearances in the Book of Revelation.

So we see that the Lord Jesus and the Law of God do not cancel each other out, but they are united together; the presence of the Ark of the Covenant in the Book of Revelation which is the Revelation of Jesus Christ (Revelation 1:1) confirms this.  It is also another strong evidence of the truth that the Biblical feast days outline God's plan of salvation and applies to all the nations of the world.

We must always remember that though the Day of Atonement is solemn, it is above all a day of liberty – atonement and forgiveness of sins for God’s people. It is a day to set all things right again. This liberation applies to all of God’s people: national Israel and those non-Jews who are grafted into Israel and become Israel.

Messiah will judge the nations: 


Matthew 25:

31   "But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne.

32   "All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another,

         as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;

33   and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left.

34   "Then the King will say to those on His right,

         'Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

35   'For I was hungry, and you gave Me something to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink;

         I was a stranger, and you invited Me in;

36   naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me.'

37   "Then the righteous will answer Him, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry, and feed You,

         or thirsty, and give You something to drink?

38   'And when did we see You a stranger, and invite You in, or naked, and clothe You?

39   'When did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?'

40   "The King will answer and say to them, 'Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did it to one of these brothers of Mine,

         even the least of them, you did it to Me.'

41   "Then He will also say to those on His left, 'Depart from Me, accursed ones,

         into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;

42   for I was hungry, and you gave Me nothing to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me nothing to drink;

43   I was a stranger, and you did not invite Me in; naked, and you did not clothe Me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit Me.'

44   "Then they themselves also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick,

         or in prison, and did not take care of You?'

45   "Then He will answer them, 'Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did not do it to one of the least of these,

         you did not do it to Me.'

46   "These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."     (NASB)

There is something very important in the holy days of God that is tied to the Day of Atonement.  It is the year of Jubilee which is a special land Sabbath year that occurs every 50 years (the year after 7 consecutive Sabbath weeks of years, 7 x 7 = 49 + 1 = 50; in Hebrew, a 7th year Sabbath is called the shemitah year).  This is because everything is not just about freeing the people from their physical enemies and sin, but everything is closely tied to freeing the land and having its rightful owners, Israel, return to possess it. A Sabbath year occurs every 7 years and is a year of land rest and release from debt, but the Jubilee occurs the year after seven of these Sabbath years and besides being a year of land rest it also commands the return of people to their possession and their family – the Jubilee is about the return and reunification of all the tribes of Israel to the land of Israel that God promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel. The people Israel and the land of Israel are inseparable, one and the same. On the Day of Atonement of a Sabbath year, the trumpet/shofar is blown to declare the coming Jubilee year to signify this liberty of both the land and the people:

Leviticus 25:

2    "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give you,

         then the land shall keep a sabbath to the LORD.

3    Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit;

4    but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD.

         You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

5    What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine,

         for it is a year of rest for the land.

6    And the sabbath produce of the land shall be food for you: for you, your male and female servants, your hired man,

         and the stranger who dwells with you,

7    for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land --- all its produce shall be for food.

8    'And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years;

         and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years.

9    Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month;

         on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land.

10   And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants.

         It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family.

11   That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord,

         nor gather the grapes of your untended vine.

12   For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field.

13   'In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession.   (NKJV)




It is fitting that the year of Jubilee which symbolizes this liberty of Israel the people and the return of possession of Israel the land is announced on the Day of Atonement.  The Day of Atonement and the Jubilee are both about making things right again --- "hitting the reset button".  The year of Jubilee occurs every 50th year and is the year after 7 series of 7-year land Sabbaths (7 x 7 = 49 years + 1 year = 50 years, the Jubilee).  This means on the last/7th Sabbath year (the 49th year) and the Jubilee (the 50th year), there will be two consecutive land Sabbath years --- double Sabbath years.


The year of Jubilee itself is also the 1st year of the new first week of 7 years counting towards the next Jubilee so the count/pattern of continuous 7th-year land Sabbaths is never broken.  For example, the land Sabbaths will be every 7 years in perpetuity and are never broken or shift (similar to the weekly Sabbath), where the 50th year Jubilee is included as the 1st year of the next 7 series of 7-year land Sabbaths (below: red 7 indicates 50th year = 7 x 7 (49 years) + 1st year (of next 7 series of 7-year Sabbaths).


In other words, the yearly Sabbaths always remain whole and perfect weeks that never move, and must be counted that way in order to arrive at year 50.  Year 50, the Jubilee, will always be the year after the 7th Sabbath of 7 weeks of unbroken 7th-year Sabbaths (49 years), and Jubilee will also at the same time be the 1st year of the new week to count towards the next Jubilee – year 50 is the 1st year of the next whole and perfect week.  Another way to look at it is that in the final and 7th Sabbath year, that week will have "8" years with the 8th year really being year #1 of the first Sabbath week in the next Jubilee cycle.


To visualize, we must remember that the count to Jubilee (50th year) is patterned after the count to Pentecost (50th day).  The count to Pentecost starts on the day after the weekly Sabbath of the Passover season; the day after the weekly Sabbath is Sunday, the first day of the week.  There are 7 whole and perfect weeks where the 7th day Sabbath of the 7th week would be day 49 and still a Sabbath, and then the next day, which is the first day of the week Sunday, will be day 50 and Pentecost.  Even though Pentecost is day 50, it is also at the same time day #1 of the week – day #1 of a whole perfect week which follows the seven consecutive Sabbath weeks (7 x 7 = 49 days).



This is how the Jubilee is counted (and Pentecost is the same, but consists of Sabbath days instead of Sabbath years):

Jubilee – 7 weeks of years (Sabbath years) which is 7 x 7; and the year after the 7th week of 7 years (49 years) is the 50th year, which is year #1 of the next set of 7 Sabbath years:

1st year      2nd year      3rd year      4th year      5th year      6th year      7th (Sabbath) year

      1                2                3                4                5                6                7           (1st week)

      8                9                10              11              12              13              14         (2nd week)

      15              16              17              18              19              20              21         (3rd week)

      22              23              24              25              26              27              28         (4th week)

      29              30              31              32              33              34              35         (5th week)

      36              37              38              39              40              41              42         (6th week)

      43              44              45              46              47              48              49         (7th week)

      50/1            2               3                4                5                6                7           (next set of weeks)

NOTE:  In bold red, year #50 is also the 1st year of the next set of 7 Sabbath years; it lines up with the 1st year of the previous Jubilee (year #1 at the top).  In the case of Pentecost, #50 is day #50 and is also the 1st of the next set of seven (perfect week which ends with the Sabbath).  The 7th year Sabbath (Sabbath year at the end of the week) is always and continuously a multiple of 7.


The count to Jubilee is not 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 1(50) + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 1 (50) + 7 + 7 and so on where the 7th year Sabbaths/weeks shift every 50 years, because a year 50 is added between the sets of 7 x 7-year land Sabbaths (49 years).  See below:

1st year      2nd year      3rd year      4th year      5th year      6th year      7th (Sabbath) year

      1                2                3                4                5                6                7           (1st week)

      8                9                10              11              12              13              14         (2nd week)

      15              16              17              18              19              20              21         (3rd week)

      22              23              24              25              26              27              28         (4th week)

      29              30              31              32              33              34              35         (5th week)

      36              37              38              39              40              41              42         (6th week)

      43              44              45              46              47              48              49         (7th week)

      50              1                2                3                4                5                6           (next set of weeks)

      7                8                9                10              11              12              13                                               

      14              15              16              17              18              19              20


NOTE:  In the chart above, notice where the next set of 7 weeks start after the 50th count.  Compare the two year #1s in red bold.  The new year #1 occurs after year #50 which causes all the weeks of years to shift (in blue).  If a year 50 was inserted after every 49 years and the count to next Jubilee begins at year 51 instead of the same year 50, this will break the sequence of Sabbaths where the Sabbaths will shift/drift all the time, and year 50 along with it.  The Jubilee is patterned after Pentecost, so we can use the Pentecost example to visualize where the numbered years instead represent numbered days with the Sabbath still being the 7th.  In this incorrect shifting count, using Pentecost as an example: it will be Sunday one time, Monday one time, then Tuesday another, then Wednesday, and on and on, repeating the shift indefinitely every 50 days/years.  The 7 days and 7 years will shift; see where the multiples of 7s are before 50 (the blue 7s in the last column), and how the multiples of 7 will shift (the blue 7s are now in the first column) after 50 when day/year 50 is not also the 1st day of the next set of seven.  This is not Biblical.  More on why there is no shift of Sabbath years, but they are continuous a little later.

God created the Sabbath on day 7 of Creation week and it has remained on day 7 as multiples of 7 until now and will into eternity.  This is consistent and the same for the Sabbath year.

Note:  This is the same reason why the weekly Sabbath is not based on the lunar phases/quarters and hence also shift month to month as some believe.  We can see this in Genesis 1, because God created the moon on Day 4, but the Sabbath was created on Day 7 separate from the moon, with the count to the Sabbath starting from ‘0’ or the very beginning (with day 1) when God said: “Let there be light”; and there was light.  The weekly Sabbath does not use the moon at all (day 4), but started from the very beginning (day 1) and goes forth every 7 days since that first Sabbath. 

The same thing applies to the yearly Sabbaths; it starts from point ‘0’ which is year 1.  This must be considered in the count which is related to Pentecost.  Just like in Pentecost there are 7 perfect sets of 7th day Sabbaths (each perfect week of days starts on day 1 which is now called Sunday and ends on day 7), there are 7 perfect sets of 7th year Sabbaths that must be counted for each 50th year Jubilee.  The only way this is possible is when the 50th year Jubilee is also always the 1st year of the new first of seven perfect weeks of years toward the next Jubilee.

With the Jubilee itself being also the 1st year of the count towards the next Jubilee so the Sabbath years remain consistent, this means that the first Jubilee was on year 50, but the second was on year 99 and subsequent Jubilees will be adding multiples of 49.  It is 1 to 50 (50 years); then 50 to 99 (50 years); then 99 to 48 (50 years); then 148 to 197 (50 years), etc. because year 50 is the 1st year of the next count (which is a continuous 7-year cycle and does not shift) and not year 51 (which breaks up the 7-year cycles and shifts).

The land will finally be freed and be returned to Israel’s possession which God gave to Abraham according to the promise/covenant God made with him, Isaac and Jacob (Genesis 12:1-10; 13:1-18; 15:18-21; 17:1-8; 26:1-5; 28:12-16; Deuteronomy 34:1-6; Joshua 1:1-6).




As we can see in Leviticus 25, the Jubilee year is announced and consecrated by the blowing of the shofar/ram’s horn or trumpet on the Day of Atonement to declare the coming Jubilee year after 7 weeks of 7 years, 49 years, on the 50th year. 

The Jews believe that when Messiah comes, he will reinstate the Jubilee.  In Jewish tradition, where the trumpet blown on the Feast of Trumpets is called “The Last Trump” (“the Last Trumpet”) and Pentecost at Mount Sinai during the giving of the Law is “the First Trump” (the two trumps are the two shofars/ram’s horns from the ram caught in the thicket when Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac), the trumpet blown on the Day of Atonement for Jubilee is called “The Great Trump” (“the Great Trumpet”). 

This connection can also very clearly be seen when we realize what the definition of the word ‘Jubilee’ is in Hebrew.  It is the word ‘yobel’ and this is what it means:


Strong’s Hebrew dictionary word #3104 defines ‘yobel’ as:


-    a ram, ram’s horn (a wind instrument)


Brown-Driver-Brigg’s Old Testament Hebrew-English Lexicon defines ‘yobel’ as:


           -   ram, ram’s horn, cornet



So we see that though the Feast of Trumpets is called Yom Teruah where ‘teruah’ does not mean ‘trumpet’ (but the blast/sound of it, as also of shouting, etc.), it is the Jubilee that is truly called ‘trumpet’, and it is on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, that announces it when it is blown.  It is blown not just on any Day of Atonement, but only on the Day of Atonement of a 7th Sabbath year to announce the Jubilee in the following year (remember, God’s Biblical calendar begins in the Spring, not Fall).  It should be noted that there is some debate as to whether the Jubilee trumpet is a ram’s horn or silver trumpet, but this is not the point; for instance, the same word 'teruah' for the trumpet blast is used in the descriptions of both Yom Teruah and Yom Kippur for Jubilee in Leviticus 23:24 and Leviticus 25:9, respectively. 


The relationship of these two feast days with both using the blowing of trumpets with ‘teruah’, specifically on the Day of Atonement before a Jubilee year, is powerful evidence that these feast days will be fulfilled by Messiah when He returns where God’s salvation plan is outlined completely in His holy feast days, spanning the centuries with His only-begotten son Jesus as the centerpiece. 

It is also powerful evidence that, after centuries of being out of the land, the signs of the times are showing us that the prophesied return of all Israel back to the land will occur in time for a Jubilee year where both the people and the land will finally be liberated.  They are both the apple of God’s eye, both belong to God and are His possessions – and they will return to Him for the Jubilee.


So when we put the beliefs/expectations of the Jewish people in perspective with regards to these two feast days, this is what we see:  they expect the arrival of Messiah to be announced by the exuberant sounds of Yom Teruah/Feast of Trumpets where the bride will be taken away, and then Messiah will re-instate the Jubilee.


So is the Day of Atonement that occurs shortly after the Lord Jesus’ return on the Feast of Trumpets a few days ago the Day of Atonement where the trumpet is blown to declare the Jubilee?


Yes, Holy Scripture seems to indicate so, because there is a reference to a great trumpet being blown to rescue/gather His people back to the land of their possession – Israel; to finally be back in the land and free to worship God:


Isaiah 27:

12    And it shall come to pass in that day That the LORD will thresh, From the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt;  snd you will be gathered one by one, O you children of Israel.

13   So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.   (NKJV)

As we read earlier, the term “the Great Trumpet” represents the trumpet blown on the Day of Atonement for a Jubilee year and we clearly see that there is liberty to the captives and they will be led back to the land of their possession, Israel.  The blowing of the Great Trumpet by the returning Messiah is also seen in the Gospel of Matthew.  In the Gospel of Luke (Luke 21) we are told that the Antichrist will lead Israel away captive, but if we look closely at the wording and context in Matthew 24 which corresponds to Luke 21 we can see that the great sounding of the trumpet by the returning Messiah to gather the people from the four winds is the bringing back of the exiles/captives in a greater future exodus; it is not just the gathering of His people to the sky to meet Him.  Matthew 24:29-31 follows immediately after Luke 21:20-24:

Luke 21:

20   "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is near.

21   Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her.

22   For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.

23   But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! For there will be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people.

24   And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.   (NKJV)

Matthew 24:

29   "Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.

30   Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

31   And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.   (NKJV)

Though the Feast of Trumpets is blown by friends (angels) to announce the return of the bridegroom, it is on the Day of Atonement that Messiah Himself blows the trumpet (Great Trumpet).  In other words, the Son of God returns to declare the Year of Jubilee.  And it is on this Day of Atonement for Jubilee when tribulation ends for the people of God.

When Messiah signifies the gathering of His people on the Day of Atonement at His return it is within the context of the wedding customs of ancient Israel.  While friends (angels) announce the arrival of the groom/Messiah with shouts and blasts of the trumpet on the Feast of Trumpets, it is Messiah Himself who blows the trumpet several days later on the Day of Atonement to announce the coming Jubilee to gather everyone for His wedding and the great wedding supper to come shortly on the Feast of Tabernacles/Booths (see next article on Feast of Tabernacles). 

The Day of Atonement is the beginning of judgment as the day of reckoning falls upon Israel’s enemies.  But most of all, it is also a day of redemption for His people where the High Priest makes atonement for the people.  When the Great Trumpet is blown on the Day of Atonement for a Jubilee it announces liberty to both the land and people of Israel.  This theme of redemption and liberty and the gathering for a wedding supper is seen very literally and physically when we keep in mind that Israel is in captivity when the Great Trumpet is blown (as we read earlier in Isaiah 27:12-13).  The Great Trumpet on the Day of Atonement for Jubilee literally signifies freedom to the captives as captive Israel returns to their homeland in a greater exodus:

Isaiah 11:

11   It shall come to pass in that day That the Lord shall set His hand again the second time To recover the remnant of His people who are left, From Assyria and Egypt, From Pathros and Cush, From Elam and Shinar, From Hamath and the islands of the sea.

12   He will set up a banner for the nations, And will assemble the outcasts of Israel, And gather together the dispersed of Judah From the four corners of the earth.

13   Also the envy of Ephraim shall depart, And the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off; Ephraim shall not envy Judah, And Judah shall not harass Ephraim.

14   But they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines toward the west; Together they shall plunder the people of the East; They shall lay their hand on Edom and Moab; And the people of Ammon shall obey them.

15   The LORD will utterly destroy the tongue of the Sea of Egypt; With His mighty wind He will shake His fist over the River, And strike it in the seven streams, And make men cross over dryshod.

16   There will be a highway for the remnant of His people Who will be left from Assyria, As it was for Israel In the day that he came up from the land of Egypt.    (NKJV)

Zechariah 10:

8   I will whistle for them and gather them, For I will redeem them; And they shall increase as they once increased.

9   " I will sow them among the peoples, And they shall remember Me in far countries; They shall live, together with their children, And they shall return.

10   I will also bring them back from the land of Egypt, And gather them from Assyria. I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon, Until no more room is found for them.

11   He shall pass through the sea with affliction, And strike the waves of the sea: All the depths of the River shall dry up. Then the pride of Assyria shall be brought down, And the scepter of Egypt shall depart.

12   " So I will strengthen them in the LORD, And they shall walk up and down in His name," Says the LORD.    (NKJV)

It is on this day, the Day of Atonement, the Great Tribulation ends.

When we read of the return of Messiah in Revelation 19:7-18, it is important to keep in mind that it actually comprises elements of three of the Fall feast days: the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement and the Feast of Tabernacles.  The return of the bridegroom is announced on the Feast of Trumpets with the blowing of the 7th, Last Trumpet; the High Priest/Messiah/groom blows the Great Trumpet on the Day of Atonement for Jubilee; the people are gathered for wedding and the 7-day wedding supper on the Feast of Tabernacles.  This is because it opens with verses 7 & 8 talking about the marriage/wedding followed by verse 9 which references the marriage/wedding supper. 

Within these verses the groom appears, there is a wedding preparation, a wedding and a wedding supper as the enemies of God are destroyed.  All these things happen within about 2 weeks, in 15 days: the Feast of Trumpet occurs on the 1st day of the 7th month; the Day of Atonement on the 10th day of the 7th month; and the 7-day Feast of Tabernacles begins on the 15th day of the 7th month.  This is another proof that these events occur very, very close together – only days apart, not years.

Revelation 19:

7    "Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready."

8    It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.

9    Then he said to me, "Write, 'Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.'" And he said to me, "These are true words of God."

10   Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he *said to me, "Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Jesus; worship God. For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy."

11   And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war.

12   His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself.

13   He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.

14   And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses.

15   From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.

16    And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."

17   Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, "Come, assemble for the great supper of God,

18    so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great."    (NKJV)

Scripture tells us the Great Trumpet announcing the coming Jubilee signifies that Daniel’s 70th week prophecy in Daniel 9 is about to end on the Jubilee year.  It will signify the promised and true Golden Age of Israel with the entire land and people sanctified by the Son of David, Messiah upon the throne over the 12 tribes of Israel who are together as one. 

We see this more clearly when we realize that the 490-year prophecy of Daniel 9 are actually 70 Sabbath years and the year the Lord Jesus began His ministry in 27 CE was the beginning of a Sabbath cycle/week of years – the 70th week to be exact.  Also see the article: ‘The Prophesied Messiah: His arrival in Daniel 9’ for more information on how the Daniel 9 prophecy pinpoints exactly Messiah’s arrival in the Sabbath year 27 CE counted from King Artaxerxes decree in 457 BCE when Ezra headed out and came to Jerusalem, and how the 490 years are actually 70 Sabbath years/cycles.

According to the Daniel 9 prophecy, Messiah came after the 69 weeks (69 x 7 = 483 years) ended, at the beginning of the 70th and final week of the prophecy which was 27 CE.  Since His ministry is the last week (the 70th week) and He was crucified before He could complete the week, this means He still has to complete the 70th week.

If Messiah was not cut short/crucified in the 70th week, His ministry would have ended on the next and last Sabbath year before the Jubilee which would have been 33 CE and the year after it, 34 CE, would be the Jubilee.  This is also how we can ascertain the next Jubilee year; it will be a multiple of 49 counted from the year 34 CE (remember, year 50 of Jubilee is also year 1 of the next cycle of 50 years).  A total of 1960 years (49 x 40) consisting of 40 Jubilees have passed since 34 CE; the last one was in 1994.  This means the next Jubilee should be in 2043 (1994 + 49) with the Sabbath year before it being 2042.

Please note that this also means that 457 BCE was a Jubilee year, because it is a multiple of 49 (457 BCE + 490 years = 34 CE, the year after the 70th week should have ended).  It is also further evidence of what we discussed earlier: that the count of Sabbath years are continuous and do not shift every 50 years with the addition of a 50th year for Jubilee. 

Evidence that the 50th year of Jubilee is also the 1st year of the next 7 years after 49 years (7 x 7) can be seen in the 490 year prophecy of Daniel 9:24 in relation to the 70-year exile of Israel in Babylon mentioned in Jeremiah 25:11; 34:6-22, Leviticus 26:31-35 and 2 Chronicles 36:20-21.  Israel was punished for missing 70 land Sabbath years. Since land Sabbaths are once every 7 years (a week of years), this means 70 land Sabbaths occurred over 490 years (70 x 7).  With the understanding that the 50th year is also the 1st year of the next week counting towards the next Jubilee, we see that the 490 years of 70 weeks contains exactly the same amount of years as 10 Jubilees where 490/49 = 10  and the 10th Jubilee comes the year after the 70 weeks/490 years which is the 491st year.  The Jubilees are calculated as follows:  1 Jubilee = 49 years + 1 year which is 7 x 7 Sabbath weeks plus 1 year; and therefore 10 Jubilees = 490 years + 1 year which is 70 x 7 Sabbath years plus 1 year.  We must remember that though 457 BCE is a Jubilee year, it is also year one of the count to the next Jubilee, so the first full 50-year Jubilee that is part of the count of 10 Jubilees which use the 70 weeks/490 years (490 years + 1 year) is 49 years later in 408 BCE. 

If a Jubilee was counted by starting the 1st year count towards next Jubilee after the 50th year and not on it (and therefore shifting), the 490 years would contain a fraction of Jubilees: 490/50 = 9.8 Jubilees.  The Bible ties the Sabbatical years and the Jubilees together which includes the Jubilees within them – and when it speaks of the 490 years, it includes an exact whole number of Sabbath years (70) and an exact whole number of Jubilees (10) within it, where after its completion the first year of the next Sabbath week (year 491) is the 10th Jubilee; this is shown in the chart below.  This is because the Jubilees are based on the Sabbath year counts where after the 7 x 7 = 49 years, the 50th year is also the 1st year of the next Sabbath year (for a continuous unbroken count of sevens/Sabbath years) counting toward the next Jubilee.

It is best to visualize the 70-week prophecy so we know how the weeks (69, 70) and years (483, 490) relate to one another and count from 457 BCE.  Please note that Biblical/sacred years are from Spring to next Spring so when one year is indicated such as 457BCE, it really represents Spring 457 to Spring 456 and the following year 456 BCE is Spring 456 to Spring 455, and so on.  In the chart below, the Biblical year is written as: the Spring of the current year/to the Spring of next year.  So for example, the first week below is 457/456 to 451/450 which means the 1st year of the Sabbath week is 457 BCE (Spring 457-Spring 456) and the 7th year – the Sabbath year, is 451 BCE (Spring 451-Spring 450).

We will see that at the end of the 69 weeks which is 26 CE and a Sabbath year, Messiah will arrive the next year, at the beginning (year #1 of 7) of the 70th week, which is 27 CE.  We will also see that after the 70 Sabbath weeks (490 years) complete in 33 CE and the 10th Jubilee comes immediately the year after in 34 CE at the beginning of the 71st week (70 x 7 + 1 year).

Listed below are the 70 weeks of years of the Daniel 9 prophecy which begins with the decree going forth in 457 BCE and the years in red are Jubilee years:

1.   457/456-451/450BCE    26. 282/281-276/275BCE    51. 107/106-101/100BCE  

2.   450/449-444/443BCE    27. 275/274-269/268BCE    52. 100/99-94/93BCE

3.   443/442-437/436BCE    28. 268/267-262/261BCE    53. 93/92-87/86BCE

4.   436/435-430/429BCE    29. 261/260-255/254BCE    54. 86/85-80/79BCE

5.   429/428-423/422BCE    30. 254/253-248/247BCE    55. 79/78-73/72BCE

6.   422/421-416/415BCE    31. 247/246-241/240BCE    56. 72/71-66/65BCE

7.   415/414-409/408BCE    32. 240/239-234/233BCE    57. 65/64-59/58BCE

8.   408/407-402/401BCE    33. 233/232-227/226BCE    58. 58/57-52/51BCE

9.   401/400-395/394BCE    34. 226/225-220/219BCE    59. 51/50-45/44BCE 

10. 394/393-388/387BCE    35. 219/218-213/212BCE    60. 44/43-38/37BCE 

11. 387/386-381/380BCE    36. 212/211-206/205BCE    61. 37/36-31/30BCE                          

12. 380/379-374/373BCE    37. 205/204-199/198BCE    62. 30/29-24/23BCE                               

13. 373/372-367/366BCE    38. 198/197-192/191BCE    63. 23/22-17/16BCE                                

14. 366/365-360/359BCE    39. 191/190-185-184BCE    64. 16/15-10/09BCE                              

15. 359/358-353/352BCE    40. 184/183-178/177BCE    65. 9/8-2/1BCE => no year ‘0’ so add

16. 352/351-346/345BCE    41. 177/176-171/170BCE    66. 2/1BCE-5/6CE      1 year to count

17. 345/344-339/338BCE    42. 170/169-164/163BCE    67. 6/7-12/13CE

18. 338/337-332/331BCE    43. 163/162-157/156BCE    68. 13/14-19/20CE                    

19. 331/330-325/324BCE    44. 156/155-150/149BCE    69. 20/21-26/27CE => 69 weeks end

20. 324/323-318/317BCE    45. 149/148-143/142BCE    70. 27/28-33/34CE => Ministry starts in 27 CE

21. 317/316-311/310BCE    46. 142/141-136/135BCE    71. 34/35 (10th Jubilee, 70 x 7 + 1 year)         

22. 310/309-304/303BCE    47. 135/134-129/128BCE                                      

23. 303/302-297/296BCE    48. 128/127-122/121BCE

24. 296/295-290/289BCE    49. 121/120-115/114BCE

25. 289/288-283/282BCE    50. 114/113-108/107BCE

We can see that counting 69 weeks (69 x 7 = 483 years) from 457 BCE gives us 27 CE where the 69 weeks end in 26 CE and brings us to the following year in 27 CE which is the start of His ministry and the start of the 70th week that will complete the 70-week (70 x 7 = 490 years) prophecy.  His prophesied arrival at His first coming is after the 483rd year from the command to rebuild Jerusalem and started at the beginning of the final Sabbath year of the 490 years where years 484-490 are Messiah’s 70th week (27-33 CE) with the final Sabbath year of that week (33 CE) being followed by the Jubilee year (34 CE).  The corresponding next Jubilee is 41 Jubilee cycles (41 x 49 = 2009 years) later after 34 CE when He would have completed His ministry if it was not interrupted with His crucifixion, which gives us the date of 2043 (this means the 7th Sabbath year before it is 2042).  

What we also see is that the 490-year countdown serves two purposes: showing us the arrival of Messiah both past (First Coming) and future (Second Coming, His return), based on Sabbath year cycles leading to the Jubilee. 

The completion of Messiah’s 70th week are the final years closing out the 6th millennium with the year after it – the Jubilee, being the beginning of the 7th millennium.  This 70th week before the Jubilee follows the pattern of 7 + 1 with an “8th day/year”, and it is the best example that reveals the significance of the Jubilee (indeed, it almost seems like the Jubilee was created just for this last Jubilee cycle that has the Second Coming of Messiah to bring in the Kingdom of God).  We must first consider that a Sabbath year is already a year of rest and release where 7 indicates perfection/completion, so 7 x 7 Sabbath years magnifies this greatly/exponentially.  And then the 7th week of these 7 weeks is capped off by an “8th year” after it, the Jubilee.  So the Jubilee has a three-fold magnification of meaning: a Sabbath year; then the Sabbath year multiplied by 7; and then finally the 7th week of the 7 x 7 years has a +1 year or “8th year” after it (7 + 1).  We see clearly how a Jubilee is all about release many times over, and especially the one that follows Messiah’s 70th week and opens the 1,000-year Kingdom of God.  

The pattern of 7 + 1 (8 days) where the 7 days of completion are for preparation and cleansing/consecration, etc., and then starting fresh and new on the following/8th day is a theme used often in the Bible.  It is used for the 7-day Feast of Tabernacles leading to the 8th Day of Assembly.  Some other examples are: the Levitical priesthood beginning after 7 days of ordination (Leviticus 8:30-36; 9:1-7); the circumcision of males on the 8th day (Leviticus 12:3);  lepers cleansed after 7 days on the 8th day (Leviticus 14:1-11); people with bodily discharges cleansed after 7 days on the 8th day (Leviticus 15:13-15, 28-30); consecrating the altar of the Temple in the millennial kingdom for 7 days and then from the 8th day onward it is holy for use (Ezekiel 43:25-27).

We must note again that contrary to what most Jewish people believe today, the beginning of the year is not on the 1st day of Tishri (seventh month).  The name alone -- Yom Teruah/Feast of Trumpet Blasts or Shouting, tells us it is not God's beginning of the year, but Jews today nevertheless call it Rosh Hashanah (“the head of the year”).  According to God’s calendar in the Bible, the beginning of the year is in the first month of Abib/Nisan which is in March or April in the Spring.  The reason why the events around the return of Messiah occurs in the Fall feast days is not because that is when the new year begins, but because it is when the salvation plan of God resumes or picks up from since the first time Messiah was here.  He lived the Spring feast days already, but comes to live the Fall feast days and complete God’s salvation plan as outlined in His Biblical feasts.

He returns on the Feast of Trumpets and makes war on the Day of Atonement which is also when He proclaims the next year as the Year of  Jubilee. He administers as High Priest and blows the shofar to consecrate the 50th year Jubilee and have the land and people freed from captivity and made right and sanctified before God for the start of the millennial Kingdom of God.  All this is not by chance, but perfectly planned by the Almighty.

Therefore, the Bible tells us another very important truth:  with Messiah’s return based on Sabbath year cycles and the Jubilee, this gives us yet another reason why Messiah calls Himself the Lord of the Sabbath:

Matthew 12:

8    "For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath."     (NASB)

With all that we have read regarding the Sabbath years and Jubilee and their connection to end time events and the coming Kingdom; and how Messiah is intimately connected to them as the Lord of the Sabbath – one thing should be crystal clear: the Sabbath years and the Jubilee are very important and are for all believers, not just Jews. Just like the 7th day Sabbath and all the annual feast days, the Sabbath year and Jubilee pertain to all Israelites – all who are Israel, both the native Israelite and the one who is grafted in (the non-Jewish or Gentile believer) to become like a native Israelite. 

After thousands of years, the land of Israel has been reborn just in time for end time prophecy to be fulfilled and Messiah’s soon-coming return.  This is just a reminder to all of us who are alive today that the Sabbath year and the Jubilee can no longer be ignored until “Israel is back in the land”.  Israel is once again there so those who belong to her and are grafted in must not neglect these special years; remember that Israel neglected the Sabbath years and it brought about the Babylonian captivity and the prophecy of Daniel 9 which has still not been fulfilled – this tells us that we should still be observing these years until at least Messiah’s return to usher in the millennial kingdom.  We must never forget that Messiah is the Messiah of all, and we are one new man in Messiah, so just as He is for us all, so are all His holy days and years.  

Jews expect the Messiah to re-establish the Jubilee and this is exactly what will happen when the Son of God returns.  After all, the Messiah is both King and High Priest in the order of Melchizedek, and He must free His people and land before He can reign with His bride in this kingdom.

It must be noted that the Great Trumpet blown on the Day of Atonement for a Jubilee is technically the last trumpet blown, because it happens after all other trumpets.  This trumpet blown for the liberty of the people of Israel, and the release and return of the land of Israel to them, with all the world ready to praise Jerusalem as the City of God in the millennium, will be the culminating trumpet blast, completing the series of trumpets blown that were initiated by the 7 trumpets of the 7th seal in Revelation with the “Last Trumpet” among them – the trumpet blast of the Feast of Trumpets/Yom Teruah to declare the return of Messiah.


As High Priest, King and groom, Messiah will prepare and judge the entire world formerly controlled by the god and kingdoms of this world, to accept the millennial Kingdom of God (Zechariah 14:16-21).


Therefore, the Bible tells us another very important truth: with Messiah's return on a Sabbath year, this means the window for the correct year of the Second Coming of Christ can only be once every 7th year. Please also see the articles: ‘The Bride of Christ’ and We Are One Israel’.



Some believe that the Great Trumpet is itself the 7th of the 7 trumpets (the last trumpet of the 7 trumpets is the Day of Atonement shofar for Jubilee), but this is not likely.  This is because when the 7th trumpet is blown there are still 7 bowls before He returns to start the millennial kingdom and it does not make sense for Him to blow the Jubilee shofar before He has actually come to physically establish the kingdom and preside over and dwell in Israel among His people.  Also, it is another person, the 7th angel, who blows the 7th trumpet to announce the coming of the bridegroom.  The bridegroom does not blow the trumpet himself to announce himself.  However, when the bridegroom has already arrived, then He blows His own trumpet, the Great Trumpet for Jubilee liberation.


The more likely scenario is that the Great Trumpet will be the last trumpet to be blown after all other trumpets – after “the Last Trumpet” of the Feast of Trumpets.  The Great Trumpet will be blown at the time when Messiah will gather and liberate His people Israel to go back to their possession – the liberated land of Israel. Then He will officially administer over the people of Israel as both King and High Priest when He dwells among them forever more.

The “Great Trumpet” of the Day of Atonement for the Year of Jubilee is the true last trumpet in order of sequence – this occurs when Messiah returns with His bride several days later to gather all the people for the wedding supper.  And Messiah will dwell among His people and nation Israel – and all those grafted into Israel, forever more as their King, High Priest and groom, in the 1,000-year Kingdom of God and then the New Jerusalem for all eternity. 

There will be no doubt who God is, who God’s beloved people are and which land is His sanctified land. We must note that in Isaiah 61 below, verse 1 and the first part of verse 2 (up to and including “acceptable year of the LORD”) is quoted by the Lord Jesus in Luke 4:14-21, signifying that the remainder of Isaiah 61:2 (starting with “the day of vengeance of our God”) and the rest of the chapter is to be fulfilled by Him when He returns to set everything right: bring liberty to the captives, renew the land and establish His kingdom of priests. 


In other words, Jesus began His ministry with a Jubilee message and He will complete this Jubilee message when He returns on the Day of Atonement of a Jubilee year, when all of Israel, the people and the land, are finally returned, liberated and cleansed:


Isaiah 61:

1     The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek;

      he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives,

      and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

2     To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

3     To appoint to them that mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning,

      the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness,

      the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.

4     And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities,

     the desolations of many generations.

5     And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

6     But you shall be named the Priests of the LORD: men shall call you the Ministers of our God:

     you shall eat the riches of the Gentiles, and in their glory shall you boast yourselves.

7     For your shame you shall have double; and for confusion they shall rejoice in their portion:

     therefore in their land they shall possess the double: everlasting joy shall be to them.

8     For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth,

     and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

9     And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people:

     all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the LORD has blessed.

10   I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation,

     he has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments,

     and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.

11   For as the earth brings forth her bud, and as the garden causes the things that are sown in it to spring forth;

     so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.  (AKJV)



The Bible is showing us that when Messiah returns, He will complete His liberating work for the people and land of Israel --- this is the completion of Daniel’s 70th week:


Daniel 9:

24    " Seventy weeks are determined For your people and for your holy city, To finish the transgression, To make an end of sins, To make reconciliation for iniquity, To bring in everlasting righteousness, To seal up vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy.    (NKJV)

Only when this 70th week is finished by Messiah will there be reconciliation and everlasting righteousness, all vision and prophecy be sealed, and the Most Holy be anointed.  And this is represented by the Great Trumpet being blasted on the Day of Atonement of the 7th Sabbath year to bring in the 50th year, the next year’s Jubilee for His 1,000-year reign. What began with His work and atonement at His first coming as the suffering servant will be made complete with His officiating over His people Israel as the returning conquering King and High Priest in the millennial Kingdom of God.

The 50th year Jubilee is patterned after the 50th day Pentecost.  For Pentecost, this 50th day God poured out His spirit upon the first believers, initiating the body of Christ who are the firstfruits of Israel.  On the Day of Atonement when Messiah comes with His bride for the great wedding supper of God, God pours out His spirit upon the people and land of Israel giving both the people and land of Israel liberty, where His people (all Israel – all 12 tribes and those grafted in with her) – His possession, will return to the land of their possession which God promised them. This is when Messiah Himself, our High Priest, will issue a trumpet blast – this is the true last trumpet which is the Great Trumpet for Jubilee, to declare this 50th year, the year of Jubilee --- the release to freedom of Israel the people and Israel the land, as God’s people will dwell there forever more:

Ezekiel 36:

22   "Therefore say to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I do not do this for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name's sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went.

23   And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am the LORD," says the Lord GOD, "when I am hallowed in you before their eyes.

24   For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land.

25   Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.

26   I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.

27   I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them.

28   Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

29   I will deliver you from all your uncleannesses. I will call for the grain and multiply it, and bring no famine upon you.

30   And I will multiply the fruit of your trees and the increase of your fields, so that you need never again bear the reproach of famine among the nations.

31   Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good; and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight, for your iniquities and your abominations.

32   Not for your sake do I do this," says the Lord GOD, "let it be known to you. Be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel!"

33   'Thus says the Lord GOD: "On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will also enable you to dwell in the cities, and the ruins shall be rebuilt.

34   The desolate land shall be tilled instead of lying desolate in the sight of all who pass by.

35   So they will say, 'This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden; and the wasted, desolate, and ruined cities are now fortified and inhabited.'

36   Then the nations which are left all around you shall know that I, the LORD, have rebuilt the ruined places and planted what was desolate. I, the LORD, have spoken it, and I will do it."

37   'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I will also let the house of Israel inquire of Me to do this for them: I will increase their men like a flock.

38   Like a flock offered as holy sacrifices, like the flock at Jerusalem on its feast days, so shall the ruined cities be filled with flocks of men. Then they shall know that I am the LORD." ' "     (NKJV)

As High Priest and King, the Lord Jesus will blow the Great Trumpet of Jubilee to announce the return of all Israel to the Promised Land when the true Golden Age of Israel begins - as God always meant it to be: a holy nation and a nation of priests where the word and law of God comes forth; a praise in all the world where God's dwelling place is --- Jerusalem, the holy hill and holy city of God.  This leads into the next feast with its symbols of the Millenium and eternity with our God and His Messiah, and a return to the Garden of Eden. 

Atonement is making things right with God and includes redemption/cleansing and judgment/recompense. All things are reconciled according to God’s will and His promises of blessing to Abraham and ALL his descendants. The Day of Atonement is a holy day of deep reflection, prayer and repentance where we humble ourselves before God. All these things have always and will continue to be the theme of this holy day. 

The next Jubilee (and the Sabbath year just before it) is coming soon and yes, it is soon.  We must remember that Messiah said before He returns the days will be like the days of Noah and Lot.  He said there will be many things happening:  wars and natural disasters, persecution and lack of love and faith, false messiahs and false prophets, etc.  This means with the lateness of years already, we will begin to see very soon large-scale world changes and chaos that will push everything towards the establishment of the end-time Antichrist/Beast one world government and religion (and it will start with the fall of the United States of America).  

We must also remember that the Bible says in Genesis 1 that the sun, moon and stars were given not just to tell time (when day and night begins, and when are God’s appointed times – feast days), but also as signs.  There are total solar eclipses that run across America in 2017 (from northwest to southeast) and 7 years later in 2024 (from southwest to northeast) which look like an ‘X’ mark.  One total solar eclipse crossing the nation is rare, but two?  In seven years? 

What does this mean? 

It means America and the world must repent or judgment will come.

These years are this writer’s best estimate of what will happen in these end times and when Christ will return (there are other estimates which differ by a couple of years) based on the following beliefs:

1.  That He will return on a holy day of the year, the Feast of Trumpets/Yom Teruah – the day “no one knows the day or the hour”.

2.  That He will return on a holy year, a Sabbath year, when He will blow the Great Trumpet to declare a holy year, the year of Jubilee to free Israel the land and the people for the coming wedding supper, and bring judgment upon her enemies.  

Though we do not know exactly when He will return, we must understand that what Scripture seems to indicate about the timing of His return is part of following Christ’s command to discern the sign of the times of His return and be prepared spiritually for what is to come soon.

So we must listen to the Lord Jesus’ and the Bible’s instruction to always be alert/vigilant and not be found asleep and ashamed:


Revelation 16:

15   "Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame."    (NKJV)


15   Behold, I am coming like a thief. Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not walk about naked and men will not see his shame."    (NASB)



With how the signs of the times are all around us and rapidly being fulfilled right before our eyes, it shows us that the return of Christ is not really that far away.  Now is the time to prepare, strengthen our faith, and get our spiritual house in order before it is too late.  Remember, as mentioned in the article about the Feast of Trumpets, that tribulation will last for many, many years (not just 3.5 of the Great Tribulation or 7) --- there will be a couple of decades of never-before-seen chaos and catastrophe before the Second Coming of Christ, and it all starts with the fall of America which has already begun (and will accelerate rapidly in the next couple of years; for example, if the U.S. economy/U.S. dollar suffers a major hit/there is a financial collapse, there is all-out world war or a major terrorist attack, a disease epidemic, other major natural disasters, etc.); please also see the article 'The Fall of America will precede the Rise of the Beast' and 'Signs of the Rise of the Beast' (also gives more information on why the Antichrist Beast kingdom will be both Roman and Islamic).


Please see next article in the God’s Salvation Plan in the Biblical Feast Days series:Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)


Link to God’s Salvation Plan in the Biblical Feast Days articles outline


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